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Topic : National Poverty Reduction Framework – MKUKUTA What are the Lessons  
  MKUKUTA was meant to achieve a high economic growth and substantial poverty reduction in Tanzania. In terms of economic growth the target was a growth rate of 6-8% per annum from a base of 6.7 per cent in 2004. The poverty reduction targets by 2010 (basic needs poverty) are from 25.8% (2000/01) to 1 ...Click here to read more
Comments From TAKNET Members
Riziki NassoroJ,Magrmbe  : Saturday, November 21, 2009    

Nadhani MKUKUTA planners wameshindwa kuhusianisha lengo la MKUKUTA na walengwa kwani mkakati huu hauwahusishi walengwa moja kwa moja.pia malengo na utekelezaji wake hauwagusi watu walio kusudiwaila vina endeshwa vikao mijini wakati watanzania wengi wapo vijijini.


larry gwandu  : Monday, July 27, 2009    
  Dear Members,

I wish to introduce myself Larry Gwandu Gallet, I am working in irrigation formalyy with the Ministry of AGriculture and now with the ministry of Water and Irrigation. I am delighted to be a memeber and looking forward to learn much from all of you.

Best Wishes,

Larry Gwandu


DEOGRATIUS B. MASSAWE  : Thursday, July 2, 2009    
Am a  member writing to propose topics for deliberations amongst taknet members. However, am not sure if they have already been discussed bearing the fact that am a fresh member;

Toipc 1: Why is Tanzania is unsuccesful in exploiting AGOA opportunities to boost its economy?

Topic 2: What lessons to be drawn from the current ethnic clashes in Rorya and Tarime districts?

Topic 3: What is the postition of Tanzania in East African Cummunity.

Topic 4: The recent approved budeget: To what extent is it promising to reduce poverty?


Mesfin Wubeshet Gebremichael  : Thursday, June 25, 2009    
  Dear Members

I am introducing myself to this forum as Mr. Mesfin Wubeshet Gebremichael from Southern and Eastern African Mineral Centre (SEAMIC).  SEAMIC is an intergovernmental development Centre for mineral resources development in Africa.  I am a geo-information specialist and manager of geo-information services in SEAMIC.

I am delighted to be a member of this forum and learn from the huge potential of expertise it hold.


Ongwen Patrick Alfred  : Wednesday, June 24, 2009    
  Dear friends

I write to introduce my Self as Mr. Ongwen Patrick Alfred from African Research and Resource Forum in Kenya, i work as a librarian/ICT officer.

A few weeks i visited ESRF and the discussion group. Am grateful having been accepted and we shall learn more from one another.

May the good lord bless you.



DEOGRATIUS B. MASSAWE  : Monday, June 22, 2009    

  Despite the fact that, MKUKUTA ‘s deadline  is nearing , Tanzania is still off-track due to several indicators such as: Inflation has reached two digits, escalating abject poverty especially in rural areas, deteriorating social service like health and education, etc;

  • It is therefore imperative to consider the following aspects when designating the “successor” strategy;

  • The government needs to do more on improving the quality aspects of its services even in the area such as education where it has done much in terms of access. It is an illusion to consider alleviating poverty while there is substantial number of illiterates in our country.

  • Economic growth remains stunted because the government has despite the loudly sang song of agriculture being the main economic stay of Tanzania not given the sector the prominence it deserves in that it only allocates 6.2% of the budget to agriculture.

  • The Government openly admitted that there are some flows in the disbursement of budgetary allocation to the district councils, and as such the are huge amounts of money which is meant for the district councils which remains unexpended, government attributes this to the LGA lack of capacity to expend the resources.


  • There are also misappropriation of public funds by unscrupulous Government officials like the case of EPA, ICHMOND,etc. l  these wasted money could be channeled to development projects like power production, irrigation, and infrastructural improvements.

Lwitiko Edward Mwaiswagha  : Friday, May 29, 2009    
  ... God gave physics the easy problems! Social scientists/Practitioners are always facing the unpredectable world...

An economist who want to study the effect of pay reduction against production output will only get labor strike and violence from angry employees instead of low production or otherwise. Hence the need to make some assumptions.

Comrade Rose, sure the inception of MKUKUTA - could't wait. We are humans beings and we always ready to face challenges in order to advance.

Again, "Why not un-bundle and/or unpackage MKUKUTA so that we remain with a few manageable priorities which have higher multiplier effects?"


Rose Aiko  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    

It indeed seem a small amount per capita when you compare it to advanced and transition economies. But again on purchasing power parity terms and considering the relatively lower cost of living in Tanzania, it amounts to something. So how effectively has this little money been used?

Here our Controller and Auditor General is saying all is not well: Some expenditures are not accounted for (so you can’t say for sure where the money went), some goods and services are overpriced (there is an issue whether there is value for money spent), and yet some resources are spent but not for the intended purposes.

In the just released CAG report (April 2009 for Financial year 2007/08) not a single spending entity in the government that was audited was issues a clean audit opinion. The best performers managed an unqualified opinion ‘with emphasis on matters’.  The CAG goes on to say, and I quote,

‘’Since the trend of audit opinions has not shown positive improvements, there is a need for management in the MDAs/RAS/Embasies and Missions to closely make follow up of the weaknesses in financial management which have been emphasises by the auditors’’ end of quote.  (see the CAG report for FY 2007/08, page xiv)

The CAG has drummed time and again to our parliament and to the accounting officers in government the message that things need to change in how the business of financial management is conducted, and more aggressively since the period of implementation of MKUKUTA started. His sentiments corroborates the high level corruption and abuse of public office allegations that have come to dominate our newspapers in the last few years. 

Are we thus surprised that we are not getting where we should be going? I am not, and if one asks which measures should be priorities in the next MKUKUTA, I would quickly spring up for number one to be ‘good public financial management’. The reason is quite simple, ‘’fedha bila daftari hupotea bila habari’’. And if poverty reduction is the priority that the government says it is, then it also needs to recognise how important it is to start setting the books straight.


Fourth, I think Tanzania needs to do away with aid dependency if meaningful poverty reduction is to happen. And here I would demand a clear strategy out of the aid trap a.k.a 'dependency syndrome' as one of the means towards meaningful poverty reduction.

More on this next time, as it is, this is perhaps one of those long entries




Rose Aiko  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    

Our government has not let the people take effective leadership of their own development, but has spent sisproportionately more energy and time telling them what to do instead of listening to them about what they want done, and allow them the space to deliberate about how do it.
And with limited understanding of the peoples' plight, the context that faces them, and their thoughts about how their problems could be solved, our leaders (or rather rulers to be precise) have sat in Dar es salaam or Dodoma and have continued to send directives on what the people should/should not do. With very few exceptions ( call them islands of excellence) here and there,
I dare say that one of the things that have contributed to the failure of MKUKUTA in achieving its objectives has been its implementation not being adequately participatory, and the lowest level  not having an opportunity to influence its content, or course in a meaningfull way.  Someone might say, but well, Tanzania is a 'representative' democracy. That is right, but that also means that to work well the legislature need be really representing the voices of those who elected them. Yet for a very long time and for diverse excuses our parliamentarians could hype about, something has remained significantly missing.

And third, what about the resources available for implementation of MKUKUTA, were they adequate? Were they effectively utilised?

I have not had a chance of reading the cost of MKUKUTA anywhere to be able to say the gap between was available and what should have been. I also wonder whether there was a comprehensive costing exercise to estimate what would be required to implement the five year program. If you have come accross it, I would be happy to hear your views.

So I shall look instead at how effectively and efficiently the available resources have been put to use. As some of you know, Tanzania's Government budget (assume eventually it is executed more or less as planned) was around 1.3 trillion shillings in 2000/01, about 41,000 shillings per capita (per person per year). This has grown fivefolds in absolute terms in a period of seven years and in (2008/09) it is 7.2 trillion shillings, equivalent to a little over 160,000 shillings per capita.

  (My sourse of data the Economic Survey 2007 and budget for 2008/09) Note that this is what is captured by the exchequer and is presented as ‘central government operations’, rather than ‘General Government Operations’. If a margin of error could be allowed for off budget resources that are spent by government agencies one could comfortably say that Tanzania could be spending as much as 10 percent more than what is reported in the CGO reports.
I don't go into how it is distributed among priority outcomes, as that would be another long discussion.

continue .....


Rose Aiko  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    

I am coming a little late in this discussion, however I am as well honoured to be making a contribution to this discussion. I appreciate the contributions that have come before although I have not thoroughly read each and everyone of them.

Let me first start by reflecting on what one of our colleagues has said and that is, (we were not ready) Tanzania was not ready to embark on such an ambitious program since we lacked at the time the institutions that could see this program through. I agree that weaknesses of our institutions have not served the MKUKUTA justice, however I also think that the simple fact that they (the insitutions) were weak should have compelled us (as a country) to do something about them.
I beg to differ that Tanzania should wait/should have waited until the time when it got the ‘institutions right’ before it could start. Reform is a rational and learning process, and I think it was right to start then. That said, I also think that MKUKUTA identified rightly broad areas for its intervention (the famous domains) one of which is improving governance and which includes strengthening institutions.

Still there are a lot of things that the implementation of MKUKUTA has left to be desired. First and foremost, I support the position that it was ‘overly ambitious’. Indeed one should be realistic and take on his/her plate what he/she can handle.

The MKUKUTA however, with its shift from priority sectors (of the first generation PRS) to a focus on outcomes (without a particular priority of outcomes to pursue) and clear milestones to reach at specific times during implementation lost touch with this important aspect of real life.

The government focused on everything and could not be equally effective and efficient in all of them. Each one, matched to the attention placed on them, has achieved something if you consider it on a progressive scale. But when this achievement is compared to the magnitude of the challenges facing the country’s poor, you get a sense of foreboding that the MKUKUTA is lagging far behind in meeting its schedule of achievements come 2010.

Second, I think that there is something mistaken as well in the way the implementation of MKUKUTA has been handled.  Much as it is said to be a participatory Strategy, developed in a participatory manner by Tanzanians for the cause of the country, its implementation has been highly centralised, with major directives drafted and sent forth from Dare s salaam instead of they being informed by our local governments/grass roots and this to the chagrin of the D by D.

This also makes it kind of normal thing that we are where we are today with mixed results in delivering on the promises.

continue .....


John Ernest kitoka  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    

My take on this is that, we must make hard strategic ideological choices before we can simply rush into these "emperically self-defeating neo-liberal policy initiatives" usually promoted by apologists of failed Washington-Consencus project.

The MKUKUTA,MKURABITA and so on...are practically programmes meant to mitigate the effects of the blind and crue forces of capital and can hardly successfully ameliorate and finally address the structural sources of poverty.My myopic option,thus far.....we resort back to the ARUSHA Declaration. PUNTO



Omari Mwinyi Khamis  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    
  I have previously contributed to discussions regarding MKUKUTA when it started. This is a "Big Experiment". One has to ask a question as to who formulated MKUKUTA and what was actually the aims of MKUKUTA?

Experiments can fail and so is MKUKUTA. I have to return to my previous suggestion and that was:-

1.We develop one village in every region to begin with.These villages will be example villages for the whole country.
  a) We help in contruction of good houses through loans to villagers.But we don't give them money and intead we give a contructor the money to build houses for the villaqers.The villagers will pay the loans n a period of 20 years.

2.There should be a good management in the next MKUKUTA.

3.There should be accountability and responsibility.

4.There should be no corruption.

When these example villages have developed well we can then extend their experience to other villages in the respective regions and the whole country.
But remember we Tazanians do know what is poverty and  not EU countries.

We are the ones who have to build our country and no one else!

Juma Lugendo  : Thursday, May 28, 2009    

I am highly satisfied with Mr. Mar's recent contribution while trying to practically conceed that formaly he used a technical language , not simple as in his recent contribution. He didn't use swahili either to to make me perceive his line of thinking, he just used simple languge to the point.


My contribution to MKUKUTA can well be perceived in a "seing is believing" approach . I would suggest to Mr. Maro and other members who resides in Dar and near by, to spare their time and some finances to visit Vikuge village in Kibaha district where they will witness the succees of Mkukuta.


 In this Village there is a project of diary cattle distributed to villagers in principles of giving to a neighbour the first calf and and also a second calf to a different neighbour . The project has improved the life style of a good number of  villagers who happend to be in the project.

They are now living in good houses , good health able to pay school fees to their children etc.In short the project has improved their social life and economically empowered them.


May be the question Mr. Maro may ask is how many people / household were inted to benefit through the project say by year 2008? and how many have actually  benefited?


What are the problems encounterd in such  aproject ?

How should such constrains be adressed?

Here now comes  the real common weakness in implementation , the aspect of Monitoring & evaluation. wheather this deliberate or otherwise is another subject of discussion.But this is the area of our failures in most cases.


The elight group should take the lead through participatory :- 1) Show the way which projects are viable? 2)  What benefitsare expected ? 3) Available Options for implementation and 4) Let them decide which options . Iam sure a good Manager would have convienced others to choose the best and so monitoring and evaluation will be easy


Thanks all.


Lwitiko Edward Mwaiswagha  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    
  I am happy to see great contributors like Deus M Kibamba are also taking part in the discussion. Big up all TAKNET members!

Mr. Oswald Mashindano (Moderator) has asked to give as many lessons as possible so that the implementation of the next phase become a bit perfect. 

In one occassion I heard people commented that if MKUKUTA could have been a natural Swahili word then its likely that it could mean poverty rather than wealth and prosperity! They were concerned with the fact that if you give your dog a bad name, then its going to live up to it.

I just wanted to share with you the little things that are in the minds of people.  

Festo E. Maro  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    

Reading through, I have learnt many from my fellow contributors, from language to moderation. Since am one of the moderator, I encourage use of Swahili. I know the problem of most of us who English is our third language (kilugha, kiswahil and English) it becomes difficult in articulation of our ideas but am sure reading is not a big problem. Kindly use Swahili whenever you think English vocabulary has flew away along the thinking process. Absolutely feel free.


Coming back to the discussion, Lugendo has asked to clarify one of my contributions. Here am referring to social transfer, it simply means redistribution of resources directly to target group to solve specified poverty dimensions e.g. malnutrition, education enrollment, etc.

I have said so since, currently such programmes are being "project-zed" while are the fundamental in poverty eradication. Preference to this kind of arrangement actually stem from criticism of the World Bank PRSP's by prominent economist.
Who argue trickle down benefits to poor will never happen even though economic growth is one of the condition for poverty reduction but as it has been found, it difficult for developing country to sustain the level of economic growth for poverty reduction. Am sure you also witnessed some of major events that shake our economy from the gains we achieved during Mkapa regime. But we have lost ground through, 2006-07 draught, high fuel and food prices, and global financial crisis.
So when will the trickle down effects reach the poor? at what rate of economic growth we can achieve this? How can we sustain it?(can we isolate from world economic shocks to sustain it?).

This is a reason I suggest that the next MKUKUTA should have a broader strategy for social protection which have special instruments like social transfers to targeted poor communities to prevent transgeneration of poverty. In other words preventing the poor households from having poor children help to eradicate future poor or poverty. We have to make a war in poverty ends. Not every year we should focus on poverty.


rm besha  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    

greetings dear members...

i have never gotten rained on by so many messages before.taknet, a rain coat and an umbrella wouldnt do!but i think its all because i registered as a member and went silent after i became one.

i have never contributed before so if i say repeat words of advice or anything, in advance i convey my apologies.i first of all do not understand for whom our contributions are meant,if it is ourselves "the so called knowledgeable", then i will not complain but if it is for the millions of tanzanians who live in hopelesness,i will have to urge my fellow members to consider the use of swahili which is our mother tongue and which to many will be understandable if ever this knowledge network will be open to the general public.

getting to the point, (MKUKUTA & Mkurabita), i kan openly say that i have limited knowledge of it in a sense that i only went through a summary of the programme but just like a few members have said, the plan was very ambitious.i know some of you have worked in the target areas and know much more but as far as i know, there was probably not enough consultations with key stakeholders who would have pointed out key issues that may really help improve the quality of life of many marginalized tanzanians.for example, most of the buildings in the informal settlements are tenant occupied,with owners who only once in a while stop by to collect the rent or to just "check on things".

when such properties are formalized so that the owner gets easier access to loans n gets a sense of assurance of ownership,there are slim chances that he/she may get a loan and improve the condition of his property. 

even if they do, an improved environment requires an increased rent! people get displaced(we all know where they go when they get displaced)..in most cases, they would just build a new structure somewhere else and the renting business lives on!so if it is the lives of these owners that MKUKUTA aimed to improve,it has been successful! i have no idea from which standpoint we all argue but as far as growth and reduction of income poverty is concerned or improving the quality of life, problems still exist. nonetheless, i beg to be corrected!


japjet Makongo  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    

Dear friends,

 I see the logic of urguement to have several topics running at the sametime. One is by default that issues are simply emerging and we need the speed to catch up and second, it is demand driven!

Good to have them running but as others are suggesting, the moderators of the topics need to work hard and make weekly synthesis of the contributions into short summaries of key issue raised.

After a reasonable time of contribution (3-4 weeks) depending on the sensitivy and urgency of the topic, the moderator shall then remind people to wind up their contributions in a way forward manner and where feasible, suggest a short plenary debate for those able to meet at ESRF or else where......soma club?

I am part of a similar e-mail forum on capacity building and it has worked fine with this approach.

 Otherwise tuendeleze debate




Juma Lugendo  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    

Dear Japjet,

Iam sure ther's more good than harm in the speed of discussing various issues within the time presented the reasons are:-

1.0   The curret happening must be sddresed at the earliest time otherwise some critical   elements may not feature if discussed later.

2.0   It a undeniable fact that we all are not jack of all trade i.e some are well suited and tallented to certain displines of which they can discuss better and so others benefit more so delaying the topics may not improve the intended output.

3.0  Ia not sure of the acual number of participants to this website but are many may be  thousands so let them have a wider choice at a any point in time.


Deus Msipotwa Kibamba  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    
  Dear All,
Since I was part of the design of TAKNET Discussion Forum, I thought I could help respond to my brother Japhet Makongo's query on the number of topics running on TAKNET Discussion Forum at a time. It should be noted that by design, and since inception, there were supposed to be four topics running concurrently.

 There was to be a moderator for each and I must say, I have been impressed with the progress. However, some topics have changed in names and that is demand driven hence no problem. Also, the discussion was supposed to run for some weeks after the launch and I thought we should inform discussants that at some point the discussion will have to be concluded.

I would like to propose therefore, and this was not part of the design, that the themes close one after the other. This would mean that the most discussed themes can close first, followed by the less discussed for now. 

If I can ask, did we not say we would code, analyze and present the discussions in a form of a publishable manuscript ? The discussion can just end. It has to result into something documentable and tangible.
I have enjoyed reading and contributing to the debate and I would wish it stayed on for another one or two months ? Congratulations ESRF for the moderation. I never knew it would end up being this popular. Tanzanians truly need a discussion of the issues touching on their lives, I have come to believe. All the best for the remaining time of this debate and for future debates.
Warm regards,
Deus Msipotwa Kibamba


japjet Makongo  : Wednesday, May 27, 2009    
  Dear Dr. Mashindano,

I agree with you for calling for more contributions.

But I think we need to reduce the number of topic for discussion at a time. Currently there about 5 topics....Mkukuta, Albino, global economic recess and petroleum issues. They are all important but it need time for concentration.
My suggestion is to take one topic at a time let say for 4 weeks where peole concentrate on that before it is closed with an edited summary of contribuitons by the secretariat.

Summaries can also be made on weekly basis to help memebr not to repeat what other have said and get better arguements.


Juma Lugendo  : Monday, May 25, 2009    
  I personally thank you Mr. Maro for whatever you have aired to us, More of it you have to elaborate on this school of thought on Social tranfer. Still Iam surrounded by the fog on this  new approch  

Siyabonga Thabo  : Monday, May 25, 2009    

I think MKUKUTA hasn't achieved a lot of what we expected,the fact that it was too theoretical is one but also it didn't concentrate on the right people(The real target).We were not well prepared informative wise and resource wise to accomplish what we had set up in MKUKUTA.

 We were to have a cycle like structure which I can simply say it could be like:


Well informed people-----Experts + Resources-------Plan(MKUKUTA package)-------Exection of the plan.

With constant evaluation that could work,but with missing or weak links we'll fail again.



AUDAX SYLVESTER RWECHUNGURA  : Monday, May 25, 2009    

Dear all,


Professionals say that 'don't talk if you don't have data'. Weare waiting for the data and studies to come from those who live poverty or those who describe povert! But accumulating evidence in urban and rural show that we are not achieving our 3 outcomes of MKUKUTA.
One will not wholly but partly achieved and we as always come out with reasons for non-achievement.

However, it is clear even before the information is amassed that poverty of the majority is not being reduced with PRSP-II alias MKUKUTA Strategy. Maro say, and I may second him, it is not suprising.

The problem I see is deeper than the strategy document. But remaining with the MKUKUTA document I see that the document was with ambitious outcomes, unaccessible even those key stakeholders.


We may have lost 5 years! Let us not write another document  with talkshops, talkshops..but with workshops ..at national/regional / district levels.

Those who live poverty need to have information and their knowledge taken on-board. If MKUKUTA can still be defended that it was the good (well-written) document, let us may be reduce it and go for small but effective, practical objectives and indicators.

Above all PRSP-III/ MKUKUTA II should have an inclusive, focused and informed and effective Participatory Development Management (PDM). Unfortunately this is where we stumbled and fell.



Africa 2000 Network Tanzania


Oswald Mashindano  : Saturday, May 23, 2009    

Dear members

I have discovered that, very few contributions for this important topic have been made so far. I would therefore urge members to take initiatives and make more contributions on this theme.
This is particularly important because our current poverty reduction strategy (MKUKUTA) will conclude next year, and a new successor strategy will immediately be developed. Experience and lessons of the predecessor strategy are therefore critical if our successor poverty reduction framework is to learn and borrow the lessons of the past framework.

The three contributors so far have made very important and useful observations regarding the implementation of MKUKUTA. Issues of weak instructional framework in supporting implementation of MKUKUTA are extremely pertinent. So, the question will be – do we have strong institutions in place to make our MKUKUTA effective? As Dorothy correctly put it – we obviously don’t have them. Meaning, Tanzania was not ready for the ambitious MKUKUTA.

The issue of merger resources to finance MKUKUTA also verifies and/or validates this claim. You are very right Festo - Failure to witness the trickle down effect of growth suggests that the mechanism for promoting equity is not in place.  I am also happy to see what Lwitiko contend -

'an Eagle chasing two rabbits, catches none'! Why not un-bundle and/or unpackage MKUKUTA so that we remain with a few manageable priorities which have higher multiplier effects.

However, is it true that these are the only lessons from MKUKUTA? I personally don’t think so! How about external influence? What about the roles and mindset of Tanzanians? If we are to un-bundle the present strategy – which priorities should be maintained and which ones should be postponed?? These are examples of areas our discussion need to focus, among many others. Please join us in this critical agenda which need to be discussed by all of us. Karibuni Wote!!! Feel free to use English or Swahili (Our national language).      


Lwitiko Edward Mwaiswagha  : Friday, May 22, 2009    
  It goes without saying that poverty is the state of mind. Now, what is in MKUKUTA that address, and try to educate the society in changing peoples' mind so that they become rich and make forward step towards social development? (... what deal with cultural beliefs and practices?)

The larger society will participate actively if the they do understand what the framework is all about. I guess many people still do not understand the 'Vision' and 'Mission' of MKUKUTA framework.

In my opinion, 'an Eagle chasing two rabbits, catches none'! why not unbundle the strategies from poverty reduction and economic growth (NSGRP) to have one big goal like, growth from poverty? ...phrasing the message in a simple way so that everyone can understand exactly what is our objective.

I think our problem is on wealth creation and wealth distribution. To enrich the middle class and the lower class. Also we should not forget, poverty is a relative term. To be rich we need to be richer than those who are rich today. Our GDP should increase at 10% or more. Let's raise the bar. 

What a mind can conceive, can be achieved. Let's give a real try...


Festo E. Maro  : Monday, May 18, 2009    
  This discussion comes timely when our famous MKUKUTA medium term is reaching for ex-post analysis. The programe has been sang by almost every body from different areas of development. It has reached a time to see, I will put it colloqually "does the government walk the talk?".
Looking back at history of these poverty reduction papers starting at post Washington consensus. Developmental critics (economist and sociologist) critized the "working hypothesis of poverty reduction and poverty reduction strategies that poverty will be reduced by trickle down effects".

Their analysis shows that it is not happening. And this definetely is the outcome of MKUKUTA. Am not being judgemental before the evaluation but previous ex-post studies of similar strategies are pointing in that direction.

These critics advised for the governments to take a new course of direction toward poverty reduction. That is investment on SOCIAL TRANSFERS. This policy recommendation is according to their studies results. It shows that social transfers have direct impact to poverty reduction rather than waiting for the trickle down effect which will never come.
I suggest that the review of MKUKUTA should take this point immensively in the implementation of next MKUKUTA. But the challenges in the generalized context like our country are many. One of them has been discussed by the previous member (see above) on the institutional strengthening.
To realize the benefits of this social transfers strong and consistence institutions for the management and delivery of the funds to the poor.

More ideas are invited to make this discussion informative to the policy processes.........

Dorothy Temu-Usiri  : Friday, April 24, 2009    
  I remember being part of the committees that made some input into the write up ofr MKUKUTA - and the glaring challenge of implementing this rather ambitious plan was whether the existing instituitional framework/mechanisims was suitable to implement an outcome based approach as was implied in MKUKUTA. Not that this approach was inapproriate, but ambitious. It implies that a high degree of collaboration,committment and expertise should exist within national partners ( at national and district level) to managed a co-ordinated multisectoral approach that reaches the grassroots. This said the more difficult progress indicators to move such as maternal and neonatal mortality ratios are the tell tell of the story. Clealry change here will require functioning heath systems ( management, accountability, planning, financing and community input);an investment which is long term and needs a multi-sectoral approach to be dealt within a step by step manner. Following some of the noted progress in MKUKUTA, the next PRSP should prioritise "SYSTEMS STRENGTHENING" - to include greater emphasis on good governance ( accountatibility/participation etc). This should also include the instituitonal framework for management and implementation of programmes-- The civil service and local government reforms should be alligned with the management challenges of implementing MKUKUTA.

The other concern was the issue of low public spending in agreed priority areas--- now with the external global financial shock must have made a bad situation worse... The mismatch between priorites and funding is a dead end. WE would like to see a direct correlation between the focused priorities and funds allocated,especially public funds... That is why consensus building around the priorities is mandatory - so that there should be no issue if funding is being allocated towads a specific initiative or sector.


Oswald Mashindano  : Wednesday, April 22, 2009    
  Dear members of TAKNET!

As you may be aware, TAKET has just closed the first round of discussion where three topics were considered. Four new discussion topics have subsequently been introduced and posted for discussion. One of these topics is titled "National Poverty Reduction Framework – MKUKUTA: What are the Lessons" - which I am moderating.

The rationale and significance of this topic sterms from the fact that, our current MKUKUTA is ending next year (2010) - and the Government has started preparation for formulating a successor strategy which need to be much focused, sharper and prioritized strategy than its predecessor. In addition, MKUKUTA review process which is also meant to form a major input to the next strategy has started. This discussion forum is therefore intended to provide space to the members of the public to make their contribution and/or input on what they believe the next poverty reduction initiative should consider based on the lessons from the present initiatives.

I am therefore writting to invite members to start the discussion by posting their views so that we are not left behind this important process. Note that, it is the obligation and right of each of us to air our views for the benefit of our nation. The following questions should therefore guide our discussion:

(a) What have been the achievements of MKUKUTA?

(b) What are the factors behind failure to achieve some of the goals and targets of MKUKUTA?

(c) Identify the critical growth drivers in Tanzania

It is my hope that members will start making their contribution.

Good Luck



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